Carp and the Natural Diet and Koi are Carp Too
The naturally occurring high quality livefood encountered by fish in the natural pond environment is the envy of commercial food manufacturers who try to match the high standard set by nature in an artificial bait. In a totally natural pond or lake situation the success of a fish population (being at the top of the food chain) is governed by the quality, quantity and diversity of its naturally occurring diet lower down the food chain.
So intricate and interdependent are the levels of such a food chain (often aptly called a food web) that the productivity of the more visible and apparent inhabitants (fish and other vertebrates) is largely dependent on the success of the microscopic and less visible plant and invertebrate animal life.
It is said that if you look after the pennies and the pounds will look after themselves, similarly if nutrient levels in the water are high (eutrophic) promoting prolific microscopic phytoplankton growth then it is highly likely that such a water body will support a large biomass of fish.
The carp (Cyprinus carpio) is an omnivorous opportunistic feeder gifted with a keen sense of smell, using its 'snout' to dig about on the pond bottom, often making the water turbid.
Phytoplankton, the organisms which cause (or rather are) greenwate consist of single or multicellular complexes are pelagic organisms which are highly nutritious.
Colonising single-celled diatoms have silica impregnated carbohydrate cells walls and within which is a highly nutritious viscous soup of organelles such as mitochondria, nuclei and chloroplasts (all rich in protein) together with oil droplets and algal pigments (chlorophyll, carotene and xanthopyll).
Carp consume these larger aquatic organisms at different zones within the water column (mosquito larvae - upper, Daphnia - middle, tubifex worms - bottom) and these carp food organisms can be grouped into the following classifications of organisms: Crustacea Insects and insect larvae, Worms Molluscs Algae.
Aquatic Plants and Algae Plant life plays a significant role in carp nutrition in the provision of roughage, plant proteins and certain vitamins and minerals.
carp food organisms pond plant water larvae nutrition protein fish phytoplankton invertebrate insects aquaticus worms please click link to read full article
Article Categories ... A to Z | Blanketweed | Koi seasons | Fish health | Water quality | Fish food | New pond care | Equipment | Koi queries | Emergencies | Water testing | Koi answers | Pond aeration | Algae control | All articles list | Blanketweed | How to choose equipment | Pond filtration | Koi Feeding | Goldfish | Pond medication | Koi varieties breeding | 10 steps to a great koi pond | Fish handling | Links to Expert Koi and Goldfish Pond Articles | Article summaries |